Urban planning agencies
Urban planning agencies
La Fédération Nationale des Agences d'Urbanisme (FNAU)
Solution proposed by:
FNAU (Fédération nationale des agences d’urbanisme – French network of urban planning agencies)
In a Nutshell:
Urban planning agencies are atypical engineering tool for urban and territorial action, gathering local elected representatives, the state and the various actors of urban and territorial planning. Positioned as a platform between representatives, technicians and the civil society, urban planning agencies are considered hybrid tools of reflection, studies and projects.
Where and When:
Urban planning agencies have been introduced in France in the late 1960s during the urban expansion of the prosperous period following the Second World War. They were mainly introduced in large urban areas.
Urban planning agencies were implemented to deal with the challenges caused by the urban expansion after the Second World War. These entities are created to associate the state, cities and urban actors to the governance of France. Altogether, they are to plan cities in an integrated and sustainable way to achieve a balanced growth in urban areas. In short, these agencies are a technical, political and public support for local authorities in terms of territorial strategies and planning documents.
Urban planning agencies are innovative in the way they look at the bigger picture to forecast trends and foster positive actions. They supervise the whole range of the urban planning process, from territory observation, to prospecting, to implementation and assessment of projects.
Urban planning agencies rely on an integrative approach. Instead of considering cities through their seperate sectors (mobility, waste management, water, energy, housing), urban planning agencies develop a transversal approach in which sectors are studied and improved in a transversal way.
Urban planning agencies observe and analyse various datas about territories. They analyse and propose solutions for the various sectors of urban policies : mobility, housing, economic development, environment, climate, energy, land use. They capitalise on knowledge and represent the memory of the territory. They educate local representatives on urban matters and inform and train the civil society on the same topic. They elaborate urban planning documents and urban and territorial strategies. They lead territorial projects, governance and prospecting.
Urban planning agencies enable local decision makers to have accurate datas and trends to design appropriate publics policies and forecast territorial evolutions.