RURal URBan governANCE for a balanced development of the relations between rural and urban areas.

                                                              

RURal URBan governANCE for a balanced development of the relations between rural and urban areas.

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Solution proposed by: 
Telos Ltd
In a Nutshell: 
Reinforcing and orienting the existing governance models towards a cooperative approach; Establishing a co-deciding process of the planning tools; Designing an integrated territorial vision which will lead the local development policies for the coming-years; Re-addressing plans for local development; Giving inputs for a better use of development and cohesion funds.
Where and When: 
RURBANCE project has been granted in the framework of the program Alpine-Space2007-2013, 13 Partners from 6 alpine Countries have been involved to increase competitiveness and attractiveness in the alpine territories. Local Development of Rurbance project was developed by Telos between March 2014 and July 2015 for Municipalities Union of Ciriacese.
Challenges: 
Rurbance has applied a territorial approach to the pursuit of the objectives of the Europe 2020 strategy, to foster: Smart development, designed to promote the activity of Enterprises in the identified Territorial Systems, so that business development can contribute to improve social, environmental and landscape quality; Sustainable development, able to govern the transformation of settlements, to steer them towards an integrated system of intervention which enable the protection and enhancement of common assets, to enhance the environmental significance of the landscape and to contain degradation; Inclusive development, aimed at heavy investment in the participative aspect of the sharing process.
Innovation: 
Interacting process between local communities, local and over-local institutions needs innovative planning instruments: urban and territorial equalization, identification of structural territory components related to Regional/National Territorial Plans, concerning ecosystem services balance at a local, regional and global scale, a participatory approach, a final territorial agreement. Researches provides theories and operational guidelines for planning, with a view to favour: urban regeneration, counteracting agricultural land consumption; improvement of the territorial environmental balances by reinforcing ecosystem services; a balanced involvement of private individuals in the construction of the “public city”. Rurbance Methodological Document discusses innovative aspects of the Piedmont Regional Town Planning Law.
Concept: 
1. Agricultural metropolis: agricultural areas and food production chain aim to make the most of the potential offered by a multi-functional agricultural system designed to improve the environment, preserve the landscape and promote social and economic development. 2. Regeneration: renovation of settlements structures, environment and energy designed to identify the conditions for launching urban regeneration projects, with particular reference to brownfields or disused areas, and to activate processes for developing the existing buildings. These actions aim to counteract land consumption and so contribute to stem the current stagnation of the construction market. 3. Mobility and quality of life: transportation, distribution and accessibility of services designed to define the requisites of the metropolitan regional railway service and their required actions; to propose actions that aim to re-organize the services in the area of the Union, while providing an efficient response to social and economic requirements. 4. Local resources and landscape: local community, metropolitan use and tourism designed to define the actions that must be performed in order to achieve a widespread ecological functionality and an overall improvement of the landscape that will benefit the local communities and reinforce tourism in the area.
Description: 
The areas in the Ciriacese Union of Municipalities, the Basso Canavese and the Lanzo Valleys make up the pilot area identified by the Piedmont Region for the RURBANCE project which focuses on the relationship between urban and rural areas and on experimenting with new planning models. In relation to local development the experiment plays a part in defining several projects for the wider area in view of the new 2014-2020 programmes for EU Structural Funds and the strategic plan of the Metropolitan City: • development of the metropolitan railway station nodes by concentrating the services and also the volumes occupied, in line with mechanisms that aim to redistribute urban space and volumes; • promotion of the Stura River as a local natural infrastructure connecting the Parco della Mandria and the Parco della Vauda, also by concentrating the interventions performed to improve the ecosystem services linked to extraordinary assistance with town planning operations that can also be performed from remote; • construction of a town planning model, from a territorial and legal standpoint, which is designed to recover the disused areas within the Union and to identify a type of area with “zero bureaucracy and 100% flexibility’; • promotion of a new model of multi-functional agriculture from a cultural and economic standpoint by acknowledging the agriculture role in “land stewardship” (protecting soil, landscape and cultural traditions, managing the ecologic networks and parks, conserving and improving biodiversity) and a local development promotion (tourism and leisure activities, food production chains, social services and education, energy generating); • relating the above-mentioned themes, if possible, and their underlying strategies, to the sources of funding available for 2014-2020, while at the same time promoting local collaboration networks and platforms for innovation and founding new businesses.
Impacts: 
The strategic vision and framework of the supra-municipal interest and predominant projects (Development of the metropolitan Turin-Ceres railway and its stations as the interchange nodes of an integrated mobility system and Development of the Stura di Lanzo river strip as a green infrastructure from Alpine valleys to the heart of the Turin metropolitan area) have taken the form of end product in a process of participatory planning. A Territorial scheme and a Territorial agreement were prepared in order to integrate local urban and Regional Plans and Programmes for 2014-2020 for the Union of Municipalities of Ciriacese, and for inter-sectorial policies.

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