Rethink Cities - A FIDIC/EFCA White Paper on sustainable urban development

                                                              

Rethink Cities - A FIDIC/EFCA White Paper on sustainable urban development

FIDIC
Solution proposed by: 
The International Federation of Consulting Engineers (FIDIC), The European Federation of Engineering Consultancy Associations (EFCA) and The Swedish Federation of Consulting Engineers and Architects based on identified involvement of their members in city
In a Nutshell: 
RETHINK CITIES is a FIDIC publication based on worldwide urban experience of engineering consultants and architects. It demonstrates with many examples, the benefits that can be gained when considering interrelationships between urban functions and advocates for a systemic approach to cities.
Where and When: 
The FIDIC report ‘Rethink Cities’ a FIDIC White Paper from September 2013 discusses the need for actions, the reasons and mechanisms behind and the methodology for sustainable cities. It is illustrated by urgent sustainable urban solutions that were implemented in many countries all over the world with the support of architects, consulting engineers and other stakeholders.
Challenges: 
Today, over half of the world’s population lives in cities covering 2 - 3 % of the Earth’s land area but are using 75 % of all energy and emitting 80% of all carbon dioxide. Infrastructure investments in many countries and cities are not at a desirable level or they are steered in the wrong direction while many cities are growing faster geographically than population-wise. Society has to “rethink cities”. The FIDIC White Paper addresses need of evolving resource efficiency in cities with increased focus on planning and making social and economically attractive areas, well-functioning spatial structures and energy efficient systems.
Innovation: 
Not much is new coming to cities; however many energy and climate solutions are to be found in synergies in system solutions, improved technology, further expansion of environmental friendly infrastructure, resource efficient transport systems and environmental friendly constructed buildings and attractive, functional, well-planned and inclusive cities. The total built environment (not just the individual buildings) requires sustainable overall solutions – that form synergies in solutions for society, buildings, infrastructure, and technical systems. By creating synergies and combined effects between different solutions, we can achieve a comprehensive approach as illustrated in FIDIC White Paper.
Concept: 
Sustainable cities include compact, efficient land use, synergies in system solutions with efficient resource use; improved technology, further expansion of environmental friendly infrastructure, resource efficient transport systems and environmental friendly constructed buildings, less pollution and waste; the restoration of natural systems; good housing and living environments; a healthy social ecology; sustainable economics; community participation and involvement; and preservation of local culture and wisdom. To meet the increasingly complex challenges of cities, holistic and integrated approach is needed and rightly applied regarding emissions, climate, resilience, climate risks, flooding, biodiversity, energy and material use, improved quality of life and social responsibility. The total built environment (not just the individual buildings) requires sustainable overall solutions – that form synergies in solutions for society, buildings, infrastructure, and technical systems. Urbanisation and urban development often take tangible physical and spatial expression why following segments are especially vital to cover and coordinate to achieve resource efficient synergy solutions: urban structures and functions; traffic and transportation; landscape and biodiversity; building design and construction; energy generation, distribution and use; water and sewage; waste; information and communication technology; integrated planning methodologies; smart living, and food production.
Description: 
The total built environment (not just the individual buildings) requires sustainable overall solutions – that form synergies in solutions for resource efficient society, buildings, infrastructure, and synergy systems and solutions: Urban structure and functions the built-up structure; land use, density, scale, street and block system, landscape and topography, infrastructure and facilities etc. Traffic and transportation: systems or structure for communication by streets, rail, water etc. Landscape and biodiversity: the biological composition, physical environment and the diversity of plant and animal species. Building design, construction and maintenance: the processes or the design for construction – to shape something or put together different parts to form something, a building, a plant or a facility etc and maintenance Energy generation, distribution and use: systems of transforming energy into electric energy, heat, cooling and the use of that. Water and sewage: treatment water supply is the system for collecting, transmission, treatment, storage and distribution of water respectively the system for collection, treatment and discharge of waste water. Waste management the collection, transport, recovery and disposal of waste, as well as strategies that aim to reduce the likelihood of waste being produced. Information and communication technology (ICT): system of telecommunications, computers as well as software, middleware, storage, and audio-visual systems, which enable to access, store, transmit, and manipulate information. Integrated planning methodologies: physical planning, infrastructure planning, and environmental programming; but also public-private partnership, dialogue with users, purchasers, authorities and the public procurement; laws, ordinances and standards; participatory processes, certification, life cycle analyses etc. Smart living: individual, family and community lifestyle patterns to facilitate sustainable living, utilisation of sustainable solutions for urban living. Urban farming, urban agriculture: agriculture in backyard, roof-top and balcony gardening, community-gardening in vacant lots and parks, roadside etc.
Impacts: 
Sustainable city integrated results include compact, efficient land use, synergies in system solutions with efficient resource use; expansion of environmental friendly infrastructure, resource efficient transport systems and environmental friendly constructed buildings, less pollution and waste; the restoration of natural systems; good housing and living environments; a healthy social ecology; sustainable economics; community participation and involvement; and preservation of local culture and wisdom. An environmentally friendly city has synergy solutions in energy system based on efficient and renewable energy end use in buildings, transportation and infrastructure, district-heating, closed cycles that utilize waste heat, waste, waste water etc.