Paris/Ile-de-France Regional Plan

                                                              

Paris/Ile-de-France Regional Plan

IAU Ile de France (Institut D'Aménagement Et D'Urbanisme)
Solution proposed by: 
Institut d'Aménagement et d'Urbanisme d'Ile-de-France
In a Nutshell: 
The Ile-de-France region confirmed in its master plan its will to work for a strong and united region, anxious to reconcile attractiveness and the quality of life, today and tomorrow. The issues of climate change in the Île-de-France particularly concern: the urban heat island effect (UHIE) of the agglomeration, physical climate phenomenon still insufficiently taken into account, notably in the town planning, which is likely to worsen; the management of extreme events and flood risks; the production of greenhouse gases (GHG).
Where and When: 
Paris/Ile-de-France region in France : for 12 million inhabitants and 12.000 km2 The Regional Plan was adopted by decree in December 2013.
Challenges: 
The scope of the proximity that were defined as the major objectives and fundamental guidelines of the plan: • a complete break for the town planning for a dense and energy efficient city; • an ambitious response to the housing crisis. • the historical choice of public transport for a new policy of regional transport systems; • a renewed approach to economic development and innovation; • investments in major activity and job centres, access to training and health care in all territories of the area; • the preservation and the development of a quality environment, responsible for the health of the population such as of the amenities of living spaces; • and finally, the reinvestment of the Seine and its possibilities. These challenges, these guidelines, and the manner in which they will be implemented through strategic choices is a regional spatial project that makes up the heart of Sdrif. ” Regional: île-de-France 2030
Innovation: 
Innovation in smart planning is a reverse conception of how to plan cities : - large public consultation through forums, comprehensive surveys, participatory citizen workshops, international competition (Grand Paris) - Priority to urban renewal (80% of new urban projects will be operated inside the existing city) and strict control on urban extensions (to be limited) - life bassin and proximity as a driver for change, better than large projects and large road infrastructure - Greater Paris Metro (200 km) in the close suburbs as a driver to reshape the city on itself and support a polycentric development - Annual monitoring of the regional plan to drive regional policies
Concept: 
The regional plan is based on Compact city concept to cope with mitigation and adaptation necessary to face climate change. It is also based on Inclusivity to reduce social and spatial inequalities. Life bassin concept is both for reducing mobility needs and increase job opportunities in all territories. large road infrastructures are reduced to give priority to public transportation. Smart planning is mobilized to optimize the urban systems
Description: 
The solution consist to position the metropolitan planning at the central place of policies and strategies to manage city development. Territorial planning is an integrated and inclusive approach. The content of the document is tackling with big challenges as climate change mitigation and adaptation, housing crisis, job creation. It reverse the planning vision, move out the strict zoning system for a mix use and diversified population support. It puts priority of public transportation and urban renewal to reduce urban sprawl and facilitates urban intensification Annual follow-up of the implementation and open data system for mayors and the population give transparency and foster participation to all actors.
Impacts: 
The impacts should be the following: - less urban sprawl and less environmental footprint - urban intensification - a more polycentric and better balanced city - better quality of life - a more inclusive city (mix function and population) - better access to affordable housing, basic services, urban mobility and green spaces - higher attractiveness of the region - low exposure to risks (flooding) - better management of heat waves inside cities - less energy consuming - less investments in roads, but more in public transportation