City Gate. Mobility and Space Design solutions to ensure an efficient access to the city

                                                              

City Gate. Mobility and Space Design solutions to ensure an efficient access to the city

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Solution proposed by: 
simArpa Ltd.
In a Nutshell: 
Applying the “democratic use of space”, privately run parking areas on the city belts would be conceived as entrances, bringing the car dependency areas to where the public transport is widely and strongly implemented. An efficient modal transfer station where commuters would easily change from private to public transport
Where and When: 
The solution has been delivered by simArpa Ltd. to the Metropolitan Transport Agency of Istanbul (İETT) and awarded with the 2nd prize for innovation during the TransIST 2015 event (hosted by the Istanbul Congress Centre, Turkey, during the 17-19 December 2015).
Challenges: 
Istanbul is dealing with an increasing motorisation rate in an already congested reality. Just like the arteries of a heart, the car dependency is blocking up the main axes of the city every day, therefore causing economic and environmental loses in a vibrant global city. Efforts in public transport policies should be compensated by reducing the use of the private car in the heart of the city as much as possible.
Innovation: 
Apart from the creation of former P+R which needs an important investment, the creation of modal transfer stations could be done by sharing part of the private-run existing parking infrastructures out of the city’s congested axis which can be easy accessible to a high level of service public transport lines. The project, which simArpa has already developed in other European cities, provides adaptation to those areas where the occupancy level is highly reduced during the peak periods (7:30 to 19:30).
Concept: 
City Gate (by simArpa) is a combination of measures based on urban mobility and space design enhancement made to ensure a faster, cheaper, safer, greener, more comfortable and efficient way to transit within the city. The project would apply the principle of “democratic use of the space”. Schematically, the belts of Istanbul would be conceived as entrances, bringing the areas where the private car is more efficient to the areas where the public transport is widely and strongly implemented. In summary, it is a modal transfer station (P+R) with a high quality service where users would find a comfortable way to change from one transport to another.
Description: 
With 79% of congestion levels in highways (Tomtom 2015 annual traffic index) for the city of Istanbul and an evolving metro network, efficient modal transfer stations shall be implemented strategically located outside the in-peak-period congested areas, avoiding an overcharge of the road network. These locations must embrace the city’s high level of service public transport coverage and the car-dependency areas, promoting an easy and comfortable access for commuters. Taking into consideration the high investment required for building former Park-and-Ride in the city, City Gate’s project aim to adapt some potential parking areas where the occupancy level is reduced during the peak periods. Through simple Public-Private-Partnerships (PPP) agreements, both the transport entity and the private parking owners would benefit from extra users and incomes. In order to facilitate the agreements, the new system, promoted by the public transport organisation, shall be mostly attractive for the centre where the parking belongs to. Therefore, a symbolic cost from the commuter could be attractive enough for both organisations. Thanks to the wide usage of the local electronic ticket (İstanbul kart) it would be easier to ensure that the commuter use this space only during the agreed time. Any overuse/abuse could be subject to a small penalty by the system by not returning a previously payed “guarantee” cost. This would be given to the centre granting the parking space. At the same time, Information Technologies would play a crucial role since they would be able to inform in real-time the commuter about the parking availability. City Gate is a provisional name proposed for the TransIST 2015 Competition. The project, experience and services offered are entirely designed by the mobility and landscape consultancy simArpa Ltd (www.simarpa.com). The agency is happy to receive any query or suggestion about the project.
Impacts: 
Once the project is implemented, the traffic charge will be highly reduced. With only 2 of the 12 cases study proposed, Istanbul would benefit from a daily decrease of traffic jam of up to 5km. Consequently, the solution will reduce accidents and increase the public transport use (up to 2500 new users for the 2 already analyzed cases study). Needless to say, the commuters travel time will be significantly reduced, and the CO2 emissions in the city will be cut.

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